Why Doesn't J.P. Telotte Discuss Casablanca as "Film Noir"?

        Scholars use terms of art with great precision, and treat scholarly categories of evidence as if they were real things to those who produced cultural artifacts the past scholars are studying.  However, artists sometimes use techniques borrowed from a wide range of styles and eras, and they may not pay particularly close attention to "the rules" which scholars may infer later from the evidence of their behavior.  This can create scholarly blind spots in which later scholars can do profitable research.  For instance, in medieval literature, the social reality of something called "courtly love" was considered proven by its description in a single famous Latin text and frequent similar instances of literary characters' behavior, even though its wide spread practice would have meant that all medieval romantic/erotic love would have been adulterous.  Later scholars have re-examined the evidence in order to discover just what kinds of conflicted relationships existed in real medieval relationships.  Similarly, some scholars treat movies classified as "films noir" as a club to which some pictures definitely belong and others do not, according to rules they have devised, and other films they classify "cult films" according to different rules.  Question: can a "cult film" use "noir" camera technique and characterization?

Title The Cult film experience : beyond all reason / edited by J.P. Telotte
Pub. info. Austin : U of Texas P, 1991
  Main Collection  791.43 C968    AVAILABLE
Edition 1st ed
Descript vi, 218 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Series Texas film studies series
Texas film studies series
Bibliog. Includes bibliographical references. (p.[201]-204) and index
Contents Beyond all reason : the nature of the cult / J.P. Telotte -- After midnight / Bruce Kawin -- Film and the culture of the cult / Timothy Corrigan -- Casablanca and the Larcenous cult film / J.P. Telotte -- Looking both ways in Casablanca / Larry Vonalt -- Confessions of a Casablanca cultist : an enthusiast meets the myth and its flaws / James Card -- The cult send-up : Beat the Devil or goodbye, Casablanca / T.J. Ross -- The star as cult icon : Judy Garland / Wade Jennings -- Journey to the center of the fifties : the cult of banality / Allison Graham -- Science fiction double feature : ideology in the cult film / Barry K. Grant -- Midnight S/Excess : cult configurations of "Femininity" and the perverse / Gaylyn Studlar -- Robert E. Wood / Don't dream it : performance and The Rocky Horror Picture Show / Robert E. Wood -- Midnight movies, 1980-1985 : a market study / Gregory A. Waller -- Gnosticism and the cult film / David Lavery
LC SUBJ HDG Motion pictures
Motion picture audiences -- United States
United States -- Popular culture -- History -- 20th century
Alt author Telotte, J. P., 1949-