Cultural Production: in Marxist theory, all the ideas, things, personal and group identities that constitute a "culture" are considered "made things," productions.

        Traditional, pre-Marxist history tended to treat many aspects of culture as "normal" or "natural" because the historians were working within the mental confines of their nations' nationalist myths.  For their cultures and eras, this might "normalize" such weirdly time and place specific phenomena as "the English yeomanry," "the American two-career couple," "the French language," or "Japanese gift-giving practices."  Marxist theory holds that all phenomena in a culture can be traced to their origins as constructions of ideological significance.  Post- or neo-Marxist theories will continue to study cultural productions as part of New Historicism or Cultural Criticism (Semiotics), more ambitious, politically aware extensions of traditional historical or structuralist analysis.